A lot of manufacturers working in furniture industry faces clients that have a lot of questions about different materials used for their project. What are the differences between different types of boards? What material offers the best price and quality relationship?
We will try to shed some light on different boards used in furniture manufacture.
This material is manufactured by gluing together wood particles with an adhesive, under heat and pressure. This creates a rigid board with a relatively smooth surface. Chipboard is available in a number of densities: normal, medium and high-density.
It is often used for kitchen tops (which are laminated with melamine) and fire doors. There are exterior grades of chipboard available but most are only suitable for internal use.
All grades of chipboard except the high-density variety tend to soak up water. Once it is water logged, chipboard tends to swell and breakdown. Chipboard with a veneered surface is widely used for flat-pack furniture and work surfaces. High-density chipboard is often used as the carcass for kitchen units and worktops and flooring. This type of chipboard is hardwearing, rigid and heavy.
Other grades of chipboard are standard, flame-retardant, flooring, and moisture-resistant. Ironing or gluing on strips of veneer may disguise the unattractive edge of veneered chipboard.
HPL - high pressure laminate
This material is composed of a resin impregnated kraft paper, a decorative paper and a clear melamine overlay. These sheets are bonded to substrates such as MDF (medium density fiberboard) or particle board at high pressures and temperatures.
Can be used for horizontal and vertical applications. Also, there are multiple grades of HPL that include chemical resistant, wear resistant for high demand applications and even fire rated laminates.
MFC- melamine faced chipboard
Laminated chipboards are used in production of furniture. These boards are manufactured from usual chipboard. Both sides of the board are laminated with melamine resin impregnated paper by using a hot press. The laminated surface becomes resistant to moisture and higher temperature. The surface can be smooth, flat with timber or orange-peel texture. One can choose from a wide range of colors and textures.
MDF – medium density fibreboard
It is a type of hardboard, which is made from wood fibres glued under heat and pressure.
There are a number of reasons why MDF may be used instead of plywood or chipboard. It is dense, flat, stiff, has no knots and is easily machined. Because it is made up of fine particles it does not have an easily recognizable surface grain. MDF can be painted to produce a smooth quality surface.
Because MDF has no grain it can be cut, drilled, machined and filed without damaging the surface and may be dowelled together and traditional woodwork joints may even be cut. Oil, water-based paints, varnishes, veneers and laminates may also be used to finish MDF.
It may be used to make display cabinets, wall-panels and storage units.
Plywood is wood veneers bonded together to produce a flat sheet. An extremely versatile product, plywood is used for a wide range of structural, interior and exterior applications.
There is always an odd number of veneers and each ply is at a right angle to the one below, this gives the material it's strength. The more veneers used, the stronger the plywood becomes. Both the type of glue and veneers determine the suitability of a sheet for a particular application. The finish quality of plywood varies considerably, some plywood have attractive grains while others can contain knots. Plywood is graded for exterior or interior use depending upon the water resistance of the glue used to stick the plies together. Code letters shows this grading on each sheet.
Thin plywood is flexible and can be formed into curved shapes.
Company UAB “Ideju Parkas” uses only high quality materials from trustworthy Lithuanian and foreign manufacturers.